martes, 7 de mayo de 2013

Nuevo Libro: "La invención de Carlos II. Apoteosis simbólica de la Casa de Austria"



El Centro de Estudios de Europa Hispánica (CEEH) publica un nuevo e interesantísimo libro sobre Carlos II y la construcción de su imagen de la mano del catedrático de Historia del Arte de la Universitat Jaume I, Víctor Mínguez. El título ya de por sí es sugerente: "La invención de Carlos II. Apoteosis simbólica de la Casa de Austria". Aquí va la recención:

"Todo proceso de fabricación de la imagen pública de un monarca conlleva inevitablemente la manipulación y transformación iconográfica del hombre concreto en el que recae la corona. En la Edad Moderna, las artes y la literatura se aliaron en cada ocasión al servicio de la propaganda y del prestigio del linaje al que pertenecía el nuevo rey, pero probablemente nunca la construcción visual y simbólica fue más desmesurada que con el último Habsburgo hispano, Carlos II (1661-1700). La muerte de su padre, el Rey Planeta, cuando el príncipe sólo tenía cuatro años, sus enormes debilidades físicas y mentales, y la decadencia imparable de un imperio en permanente crisis, llevaron a la reina regente, así como a los sucesivos validos y consejeros, artistas y pedagogos, a convertirlo en un rey escondido que apenas abandonó la corte, sustituido en todos los escenarios por su imagen artística. Rodeados de elementos alegóricos, mitológicos, heráldicos, astronómicos, emblemáticos y especialmente dinásticos, los retratos y las representaciones del enfermo y frágil Carlos, realizados entre otros por Luca Giordano, Sebastián de Herrera Barnuevo, Juan Carreño, Francisco Rizi, Juan de Valdés Leal o Claudio Coello, dan lugar a una de las construcciones icónicas mas deslumbrantes de la cultura del Barroco áulico, y en ella alcanzan su plenitud muchos de los discursos apologéticos y visuales de la casa de Austria, como Hércules, Salomón, el Sol, el retrato ecuestre, La Pietas Austriaca, el Toisón de Oro y otros muchos. Descifrar adecuadamente estas hipótesis retóricas permite entender la imagen simbólica de la Monarquía Hispánica durante el Siglo de Oro, una imagen que funcionó con gran eficacia pues el espejismo se prolongó durante décadas, y el rey inventado mantuvo prácticamente intacto el imperio durante treinta y tres años. Tan sólo su muerte sin descendencia puso por fin en evidencia el artificio".

Igualmente quería aprovechar esta isolada entrada tras un largo hiato para recomendaros, a aquellos que no lo hayáis leído ya, el artículo conjunto que escribí junto a Carmen Cascón "El duque fabricante don Juan Manuel II: breve biografía" que tras las dificultades que encontramos para publicarlos en revista especializadas tanto por la crisis como por la dejadez de los editores decidimos publicar dividido en cuatro partes en su blog "Pinceladas de Historia Bejarana".

CAROLVS II

12 comentarios:

  1. ¡Hola! soy nuevo por aquí.
    Interesante información sobre el último monarca de los Habsburgo en España.

    El emperador Federico III tenía una afición por las fórmulas míticas, firmando habitualmente edificios y objetos con las siglas A.E.I.O.U., aunque no explicó su significado en el momento.

    Poco antes de su muerte afirmó (en alemán) que "Alles ist Erdreich untertan Österreich" o "Todo el mundo es súbdito de Austria."

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    Respuestas
    1. Hola Frederick ese es uno de los lemas históricos de la Casa de Austria: AEIOU - Austria Est Imperare Orbi Universo (la Casa de Austria debe dominar el Mundo) ,,,ese lema acaría por derivar en el "Tu Felix Austria Nube" (Tu Feliz Casa de Austria, Casate)...es decir, deja que otros hagan la guerra y tu crece por matrimonios (así la casa de austria fue creciendo por sucesivos matrimonios). Un saludo

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  2. Amigo Carolus: en primer lugar me alegro de tu reincorporación al mundo bloguero, y más para anunciarnos la publicación de esta nueva aportación a la figura del último Austria y al estudio del último cuarto del siglo XVII en nuestro país.Y en cuanto a la historia de Don Juan Manuel II, pudo leer y comentar todas las entragas en el blog de Carmen; fueron grandes entragas, un artículo muy concienzudo y de mucho interés.
    Espero que las entradas no se espacien tanto, querido Alberto. Recibe un fuerte abrazo.

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    Respuestas
    1. Se hará lo que se pueda Paco ;), son tiempos difíciles y la cabeza no da para escribir mucho. Me alegro de volver a verte. Un abrazo

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